I lie awake at night wondering what the future holds for my friends and family. I wonder what will happen to my parents’ jobs, my education, but more importantly, the livelihood of millions of people across the globe. What will the world’s economy look like as the pandemic comes to an end? How will governments and businesses recover economies and replenish global trade? For many people around the world, the magnitude of the Coronavirus pandemic has called to mind tragic events such as 9/11 or the 2008 financial crisis – events that have reshaped society in lasting ways. A bold virus that has contained us within our homes for months is already reorienting our relationship to the outside world. The coronavirus pandemic has exposed numerous weak spots in how the government, businesses and citizens prepare for and respond to such events. But these weak spots are opportunities for entrepreneurs to innovate solutions, and many are working to address the problems that we are facing right now and to ensure we are better prepared for the future.

Despite my vast concerns on how the world will reshape itself, I am equally encouraged by the fact that necessary change is coming. I am excited about the prospects of new innovators to disrupt the market for the better.

My name is Jaiden Matharu, a 17-Year-old student studying my A-Levels at Cranleigh Abu Dhabi, with the help of my two brilliant Economic teachers – Mr Timothy McConnell-Wood & Ms Elizabeth Kelleher. No one knows precisely what will come of this pandemic, but this my interpretation of the unknown ways that society—government, healthcare, the economy, our lifestyles and more—will change for the better or, the worse,

In the short run, the economy is likely to focus on how quickly lockdown measures are eased, however with such a significant market disrupter; the implications are likely to be long-lasting. Through market analysis, my interpretation of the post-crisis world will be more indebtedmore digital and less global. Firstly, it is unlikely that the pandemic will materially change the long-term outlook for sustainable economic growth. However, the economy will have to adapt to contend with higher taxation, financial repression, and moderately higher inflation, along with populism and protectionism, while navigating the transitions from global to local supply chains, and from physical to digital.

Lockdown measure has forced many consumers and businesses to fundamentally change the way they buy and sell goods and services. As well as this, there has been an extensive introduction to the concept of ‘remote learning’ as well as the push for ‘working-at-home’. While I estimate that most individuals and businesses will mostly return to previous ways of working as lockdown measures begin to ease, there will be some lasting changes. Firstly, working from home exponentially decreases businesses fixed cost; this is due to companies being forced to use remote working and video conferencing during the lockdown and seeing this as a long-term opportunity to reduce revenue spent on travelling and office space. A detailed Financial Times article highlighted recent commentary from chief executives around the usage of office space in a post-corona world. “The notion of putting 7,000 people in a building may be a thing of the past” Jes Staley of Barclays is quoted as saying; It quotes Tom Stringer, head of accounting firm BDO’s US site selection team, as saying, “In six weeks we’ve taken almost the entirety of the back offices of corporate America and moved them to kitchens and living rooms, and it’s been pretty seamless.” It also quotes Sir Martin Sorrell as saying he expected it to herald a “permanent change” to his working practices. “I spend around £35 million on a property in a year,” he said, “I’d much rather invest that in people than expensive offices.

An area likely to come into crucial focus is how technology can support improved and more efficient healthcare provision, particularly given that governments are expected to come under pressure to ensure that healthcare services are sufficient while also facing elevated debt levels. This could drive an increased focus on Health Tech, in particular boosting demand in areas such as health care IT, cutting-edge innovations like telemedicine and population health software, as well as developments in treatment, in areas including genetic therapies and oncology. Furthermore, beneficiaries of this long-term trend include companies exposed to Automation and RoboticsDigital TransformationFintech and E-Commerce.

Also, one of the most potent trends over recent decades has been the emergence of the sharing economy. With a significant oligopolistic nature, companies such as Uber, Airbnb and WeWork have built, and industry upon assets or services shared between private individuals. However, it remains unclear how quickly consumers and regulators will regain confidence in the safety of the sharing economy, mainly if social distancing measures leave a permanent mark on society.

To conclude, it is still uncertain in which the direction of the future will follow as a result of this crisis. However, I hope that this will have an outcome of a more robust, united world that mobilises resources to build a more reliable health system, prioritises protecting the vulnerable from the misfortune of the economy, responding while also enabling residents to form mutual aid communities rather than working meaningless jobs. COVID-19 will likely leave perpetual fear, it, however, an optimistic view of this outcome is that we build a more humane system, forcing us to adapt and become more resilient in the face of not only future pandemics but other imminent crises such as climate change.

Society is being stress-tested, but the learnings we can take forward will help us shape to be a more resilient and purposeful community that will allow us to adapt to any hardship that comes before us.

But how soon will people feel comfortable sitting within just a few feet of a dozen fellow flyers while dining from a tray table which has not been thoroughly cleaned since the last passenger used it?